Web Site Technologies

HTML, CSS, DHTML, and XML

HTML:

The language of the web, the basics are easy to learn. A variety of tutorials on the web will teach you how to make a web page with just notepad. A html reference is at http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html32 . or http://www.htmlhelp.com/ It can also be useful to run your pages through a html validator - which checks for conformity to the html specification.

More advanced folks might be interested in optimizing html - writing it to minimize the file size (and download time). Simple things like making longer lines of code, taking out the returns, can both reduce file size, and speed the display in the browser. (they can take lines up to 255 characters, and render faster gulping bigger chunks, rather than individual lines of <td> tags. More information on optimization can be found at http://www.webreference.com/authoring/languages/html/optimize/

CSS

The css info has moved to cascading style sheets.

Accessibility:

Folks with disabilities use the web too, often it is a great thing for them. A subject in itself, information and tools can be found at http://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/existingtools.html

DHTML

Dynamic html, the marriage of CSS and JavaScript allows a variety of effects over time. Dreamweaver has extensive support for DHTML. A variety of online resources are available http://webreference.com/dhtml/ The basic rules: don't confuse your visitor, and keep it simple.

XML

XML is an emerging standard to develop a (extensible) markup language to handle a wide variety of documents, on the web, and elsewhere. It is a subpart of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) - a large, powerful, complicated language that has been in industrial and commercial use for the last ten years. For example, SGML may be used for storing records of parts inventories, or technical documentation, or most collected information. Html can be part of/expressed in XML (XHTML or as a defined document type with stylesheet). Most newer browsers have support for XML. In general, XML is more strict than html in format. Many Database programs support XML.

A couple XML resources: http://www.w3.org/XML/  XML FAQ http://www.ucc.ie/xml/

In the meantime, you could look at >>>Checklist for web pages

Oregon web site design and promotion guide

May 24, 2002

ML WEBB, web site design and promotion, Eugene, Oregon

 

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